I have written about pod transportation here many times in the past. Therefore, I was pleased to see a feature on pods in the Boston Globe on Sunday. The article did an effective job of communicating the challenges and promise of pod transportation. There is no debating the upfront cost of such a system and the fact that such personal rapid transit (PRT) systems are not effective everywhere. However, no means of transportation is effective everywhere. Try flying a 747 to the grocery store!
That said, I believe there is enormous hope for pod transportation in places that are currently urban but not quite dense enough to support thorough public transportation by bus or light rail. There are dozens of neighborhoods in every city that are distinctively urban: multi-family housing, integrated commercial and residential property, little open land beyond parks but are not quite suitable for anything but the ubiquitous car. Such neighborhoods are plagued by the catch that if they established bus service there is not enough ridership to support a bus frequently and if the bus doesn’t run frequently it no longer is convenient. Regardless of the relative costs of transportation, people will always be willing to pay more for convenience and time. If public transportation cannot compete with private means it cannot be effective.
While some true believers hope PRT will eventually become a dominant mode of transit, others see it more as a gap-filler. It could serve places like airports, university campuses, and medical centers. As a “distributor,” it could branch out into less dense areas to bring riders to other mass transit hubs. And it could provide a valuable service in “edge cities,” to ferry people from residential areas to shopping areas or office parks – routes that are now taken almost exclusively in automobiles.
“We’re typically looking for niche applications,” says Steve Raney of Advanced Transit Systems, the company that is building the system at Heathrow. Likening PRT to “a shuttle bus on steroids,” he says that although it won’t completely obviate the need for cars, “what previously was a two-car family now becomes a one-car family.”
The Globe article suggested elevated tracks, but that is not necessary, as seen at Heathrow airport for parts of its new pod system.
Pod systems are idea for getting people between places highly traveled like a parking lot and an airport or various parts of a neighborhood and major transit hubs. It is the latter that I think has the most promise. In an airport parking lot people will accept the option given to them, but when traveling around a neighborhood and to work people make fundamental decisions that affect the environment socially and physically.
I try to remind the readers that the population of the US is going to expand to over 400 million residents by 2050. These people are going to have to live somewhere and the extent to which we can continue to create suburban and ex-urban communities is peaking or has peaked. Our urban neighborhoods are our future and creating transit systems that service them appropriately is key to their success. Pods may be a great solution for making urban neighborhoods denser, more sustainable and importantly less car dependent.