In Friday’s New York Times was an article about the French bicycle renting system, Velib’. I was disappointed to learn that the system is being plagued by vandalism and theft. According to the article, the bike-renting service provides 50,000 to 150,000 rides per day. However, 80% of the original 20,600 bicycles have been stolen or damaged. Much of the crime has to do with Paris’s social inequalities and perceived economic and class dynamics of the transportation mode.
The heavy, sandy-bronze Vélib’ bicycles are seen as an accoutrement of the “bobos,” or “bourgeois-bohèmes,” the trendy urban middle class, and they stir resentment and covetousness. They are often being vandalized in a socially divided Paris by resentful, angry or anarchic youth, the police and sociologists say.
Bruno Marzloff, a sociologist who specializes in transportation, said, “One must relate this to other incivilities, and especially the burning of cars,” referring to gangs of immigrant youths burning cars during riots in the suburbs in 2005.
He said he believed there was social revolt behind Vélib’ vandalism, especially for suburban residents, many of them poor immigrants who feel excluded from the glamorous side of Paris.
“It is an outcry, a form of rebellion; this violence is not gratuitous,” Mr. Marzloff said. “There is an element of negligence that means, ‘We don’t have the right to mobility like other people, to get to Paris it’s a huge pain, we don’t have cars, and when we do, it’s too expensive and too far.’ ”
The Velib’ has expanded beyond the Parisian urban core to 29 other towns and suburbs. I hope that there are solutions to the problems the Velib’ faces in Paris, because I would love this to be a viable model for other cities and towns around the world, and especially in the US.
While Paris requires a credit card to borrow a bicycle and fines individuals for not returning bikes perhaps they should consider making users better internalize the costs true to form of most car rental systems, including Zipcar. When you rent a car you can frequently choose to forgo paying for insurance, but most drivers purchase it in case of an accident. Perhaps Velib’ should make riders pay more for the costs of damage and stolen bicycles and offer insurance to cover such costs.
In addition, social ownership of public transit is a problem throughout the world. In order to keep public transportation clean and well respected the riders must feel a sense of ownership for the system and a sense of responsibility toward keeping it safe and productive. I know very little about French socioeconomics, but perhaps more bicycles need to be placed in urban neighborhoods. Perhaps there need to be discount rates for the underprivileged. Whatever solutions are available, I hope they can be implemented so more cities look to Paris as a model rather than a warning.
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In unrelated news, the New York Times also had a quirky and enjoyable vacation feature on the Station Inn in Cresson, PA. It sort of looks like the nightmare train scene from My Cousin Vinny, but it also looks like a really fun vacation. The Station Inn provides railside views of dozens of freight trains passing through every day and people come from all over the world to watch the trains and discuss rail trivia. I mostly would want to go to sit on the porch and hear all the rail enthusiasts chat it up. However, something tells me my partner would not be interested in such a trip.